AGENT-BASED MODEL AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING: CULTURE-CONTINGENT MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOR IN LIGHT OF BUDGETARY CONSTRAINTS

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14392/asaa.2021140306

Keywords:

Agent-Based Model, Budgeting, Management Accounting, Computational Accounting, Negotiating Agents.

Abstract

Objective: The paper aims at creating a model to simulate managerial behavior within a budgetary process affording analysis of evolving overall performance and specific behavioral attributes, at both firm- and manager-level.

Method:  This study focuses on computer science, decision systems and management, by exploring agent-based modeling (ABM) in management accounting, with Python and Mesa. The model adopts a Consumer Service Provider firm and its quarterly sales budgeting process for a network of 400 branches over a 5-year term, contingent to firm culture (authoritarian or participative).

Results and discussions: Data analytics yielded results based on intense model simulation, with more than 19 million data points. Findings show culture-contingent firm performance and managerial behavior evolution linked to the budgetary process. Authoritarian firms generated fair more sales with similar managerial human capital  and market, under increasing strong demand; authoritarian firms paid more bonuses as part pf their reward system. In general, an authoritarian culture may benefit in a strong demand scenario thad participative firms, potentially due to budgetary slack form negotiation. On the other hand, authoritarian forms showed lower levels of happiness and engagement among their managers. 

Contributions: Contributions are threefold, pointing to (a) management accounting practice and research, (b) science and research strategy, and (c) accounting education. 

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Author Biographies

Edgard Cornacchione, University of Sao Paulo

Ph.D. Full Professor

Dept. of Accountancy and Actuarial Science
College of Economics, Business and Accounting (FEA/USP)
University of Sao Paulo (USP)

Luciane Reginato, University of Sao Paulo

Ph.D. Professor

Dept. of Accountancy and Actuarial Science
College of Economics, Business and Accounting (FEA/USP)
University of Sao Paulo (USP)

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Published

08/06/2022

How to Cite

Cornacchione, E., & Reginato, L. (2022). AGENT-BASED MODEL AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING: CULTURE-CONTINGENT MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOR IN LIGHT OF BUDGETARY CONSTRAINTS. Advances in Scientific and Applied Accounting, 14(3), 152–171/172. https://doi.org/10.14392/asaa.2021140306

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